Academic Writing Task 2 — To-what-extent-do-you-agree type essay.

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      Anonymous
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      One of the major problems facing the world today is the growing number of refugees. The developed nations in the world should tackle this problem by taking in more refugees. To what extent do you agree with this opinion?

      There is no doubt that refugee related migration is a vexing issue globally. While this problem affects many nations it is most often felt in developing nations, and there are growing calls for idustrialized nations to take more refugees. There are no simple solutions to this issue as taking in refugees can cause many problems for governments domestically. I think in our increasingly global world a balanced approach to refugee intake is required and more needs to be done at the source of asylum-seeker problems.

      The essential reason why developed nations need to assist refugees is that we now live in a global society and it is no longer possible to ignore what happens on the other side of the world. This issue has two sides. One is a moral issue and the other enlightened self-interest. Ethically, doing nothing to assist refugees escaping civil war or natural disasters on the basis of difference leads to an us-versus-them mentality that results in growing prejudice. This prejudice is destructive in terms of building a cohesive global society. Additionally, refugees bring with them skills, culture, and talent which can help build a stronger domestic society for tackling the issues that accompany a global society.

      That said, there are negative aspects to accepting refugees. For example, accepting refugees from a war-torn environment may result in the importation of their problems into your domestic society. This may lead to intractable social problems, especially if refugees have difficulty adjusting to their host country. This problem can lead to a break-down in domestic cohesion with the formation of refugee ghettos and expensive services to accommodate these groups. For this reason, it is especially important for governments to be vigilant in managing both the expectations of refugees and their local populations when integrating the newcomers into society.

      Personally, I think developed nations have an obligation to accept genuine refugees, who are escaping war or natural calamities. However, what is more important is that governments the world over do more diplomatically to solve refugee problems at their source, especially in the case of preventable exoduses such as war or economic migration.

      Fill in the blanks with suitable expressions of your own.

      There is ___________ doubt that refugee related migration is a ___________ issue globally. While this problem affects many nations it is most often felt in developing nations, and there are ____________ for idustrialized nations to ____________ more refugees. There are no simple solutions to this _________ as taking in refugees can cause many problems for governments domestically. I think in our increasingly global world a balanced approach to refugee intake is required and more needs to be done at the source of asylum seeker problems.

      The essential reason why developed nations need to assist refugees is that we now live in a global society. It is no longer possible to ignore what happens on the other side of the __________. This issue has two sides. One is a moral issue and the other enlightened self-interest. ____________, doing nothing to assist refugees escaping civil war or natural disasters on the basis of difference leads an us-versus-them mentality that results in growing prejudice. This prejudice is ______________ in terms of building a cohesive global society. Additionally, refugees bring with them skills, culture, and talent which can help build a _____________ domestic society for tackling the issues that accompany a global society.

      That said, there are negative aspects to _____________ refugees. For example, accepting refugees from a war-torn environment may result in the importation of their problems to your ___________ society. This may lead to intractable social problems, especially if refugees have ____________ adjusting to their host country. This problem can lead to a break-down in domestic cohesion with the formation of refugee ghettos and expensive services to accommodate these groups. For this reason, it is especially important for governments to be vigilant in managing both the expectations of refugees and their _________ populations when integrating the newcomers into society.

      Personally, I think developed nations have an obligation to accept ___________ refugees, who are escaping war or natural calamities. However, ___________________ is that governments the world over do more diplomatically to solve refugee problems at their source, especially in the case of preventable exoduses such as war or economic migration.

      Brainstorm your own ideas:

      Positives:
      _________________
      _________________
      _________________

      Negatives:

      ________________

      ________________

      ________________

      Balance of your opinion:
      e.g., I think developed countries should accept refugees escaping war, but not economic migrants.
      __________________________________________________________________

      __________________________________________________________________

      1. refugee
      an exile who flees for safety
      One of the prime reasons for the wave of migrants, refugees and
      asylum seekers washing into Europe is the deterioration of the conditions that Syrians face in Lebanon, Jordan and Turkey, a worsening largely caused by sharp falls in international funding from United Nations countries, officials and analysts say.
      2. funding
      financial resources provided to make some project possible
      Funding Shortfalls and Cuts in Refugee Aid Fuel Exodus to Europe
      3. dysfunctional
      impaired in function; especially of a bodily system or organ
      The numbers coming to Europe are comparatively small, Ms. Fleming
      said, but they seem larger because of Europe’s dysfunctional asylum system.
      4. asylum
      a shelter from danger or hardship
      One of the prime reasons for the wave of migrants, refugees and
      asylum seekers washing into Europe is the deterioration of the conditions that Syrians face in Lebanon, Jordan and Turkey, a worsening largely caused by sharp falls in international funding from United Nations countries, officials and analysts say.
      5. voucher
      a negotiable certificate that can be redeemed as needed
      In both Jordan and Lebanon, the World Food Program has halved the value of the vouchers it provides refugees outside camps — to $7 a month per person in Jordan.
      6. agency
      an administrative unit of government
      The United Nations Syria Regional Refugee
      and Resilience Plan, which groups a number of humanitarian agencies and covers development aid for the countries bordering Syria, had by the end of August received just 37 percent of the $4.5 billion appeal for needed funds this year.
      7. stipend
      a sum of money allotted on a regular basis
      It is more than 63 percent underfunded for 2015, the agency said, and recently had to halve the monthly stipend to 211,000 Syrians in regional refugee camps.
      8. sanitation
      the state of being clean and conducive to health
      António Guterres, the high commissioner for refugees, recently said that his agency’s budget this year would be 10 percent smaller than in 2014, and that it could not keep up with the drastic increase in need from the long Syrian conflict, which includes shelter, water, sanitation, food, medical assistance and education.
      9. deterioration
      process of changing to an inferior state
      One of the prime reasons for the wave of migrants, refugees and asylum seekers washing into Europe is the deterioration of the conditions that Syrians face in Lebanon, Jordan and Turkey, a worsening largely caused by sharp falls in international funding from United Nations countries, officials and analysts say.
      10. allocate
      distribute according to a plan or set apart for a purpose
      the European Union said last week that it would spend at least $1.1 billion to help accommodate 160,000 refugees it wanted to allocate to member countries.
      11. humanitarian
      of or relating to the promotion of popular welfare
      The United Nations Syria Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan, which groups a number of humanitarian agencies and
      covers development aid for the countries bordering Syria, had by the end of August received just 37 percent of the $4.5 billion appeal for needed funds this year.
      12. regional
      related or limited to a particular area
      It is more than 63 percent underfunded for 2015, the agency said, and recently had to halve the monthly stipend to 211,000 Syrians in regional refugee camps.
      13. aid
      money to support a worthy person or cause
      The United Nations Syria Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan, which groups a number of humanitarian agencies and
      covers development aid for the countries bordering Syria, had by the end of August received just 37 percent of the $4.5 billion appeal for needed funds this year.
      14. applicant
      a person who requests or seeks something
      Germany alone said it would budget $6.6 billion by the end of the year to deal with 800,000 asylum applicants in Germany…
      15. infrastructure
      the basic features of a system or organization
      “The immediate neighbors are buckling under the pressure,” with host communities seeing their populations double or triple, straining health services and infrastructure and creating competition for jobs while driving down wages.
      16. deteriorate
      become worse or disintegrate
      “Conditions in neighboring countries have deteriorated considerably and the protection space is shrinking rapidly, so some Syrians are deciding to move on,” he said.
      17. displace
      cause to move, usually with force or pressure
      So far, in the fifth year of a Syrian civil war with no end in sight, nearly half the prewar population of 22 million people is classified as refugees or is internally displaced within Syria.
      18. chaos
      formless state of matter before the creation of the cosmos
      “It’s this chaos which makes it look like it’s unmanageable,” she said. Yet European countries are budgeting much higher levels of aid to deal with the relatively small flow to Europe. While…
      19. abate
      become less in amount or intensity
      But with savings dwindling and the war showing no signs of abating, “they’re losing that hope.”
      20. flee
      run away quickly
      “The conditions are now so bad or overstretched in neighboring countries that the people fleeing Syria are choosing, or have no other choice, but to go straight to Europe.”
      21. host
      a person who invites guests to a social event
      …have deteriorated considerably and the protection space is shrinking rapidly, so some Syrians are deciding to move on,” he said. “The immediate neighbors are buckling under the pressure,” with host communities seeing their populations double or triple, straining health services and infrastructure and creating competition for jobs while driving down wages. “Funding is not keeping up with the needs,”…
      22. crisis
      a crucial stage or turning point in the course of something
      …jobs and health services. About a quarter of Lebanon’s population is now Syrian. Abeer Etefa, a spokeswoman for the World Food Program in the Middle East, said that “the crisis is going into its fifth year and there is some sign of fatigue among donor countries.”
      23. shelter
      covering that provides protection from the weather
      António Guterres, the high commissioner for refugees, recently said that his agency’s budget this year would be 10 percent smaller than in 2014, and that it could not keep up with the drastic increase in need from the long Syrian conflict, which includes shelter, water, sanitation, food, medical assistance and education.
      24. border
      lie adjacent to another or share a boundary
      The United Nations Syria Regional Refugee
      and Resilience Plan, which groups a number of humanitarian agencies and covers development aid for the countries bordering Syria, had by the end of August received just 37 percent of the $4.5 billion appeal for needed funds this year.
      25. local
      of or belonging to or characteristic of a particular area
      …chief spokeswoman for Mr. Guterres and the refugee agency. About 70 percent of registered Syrian refugees living in Lebanon, for example, are below the poverty line, creating tensions with local inhabitants for jobs and health services. About a quarter of Lebanon’s population is now Syrian. Abeer Etefa, a spokeswoman for the World Food Program in the Middle East, said…

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